I. RANGKUMAN MATERI
Report Text adalah text yang menjelaskan, menggambarkan, mendiskripsikan sesuatu ( orang, benda, tempat )tentang ciri-ciri secara umum, atau berttujuan menginformasikan cirri-ciri umum benda tersebut.
- To report something
- To describe general or common characteristic of……….
- To give general information about………
- To explain something in general.
- General classification/ general statement/ definition ( ada pada paragraph pertama. Jika dalam text ada prolognya, maka bisa ada pada paragaph setelah prolog. Misalnya:
Hi Friends, I want to tell you about Whales. (prolog)
Whales are………………………… (General classification)
- Descriptions: Gambaran umum / ciri-ciri umum. Yang digambarkan adalah:
a. physical characteristics (ciri-ciri fisik) / performance/appearance (tampang/penampilan).
b. Behavior/ habit ( tingkah laku )
d. Ability (kemampuan)
e. Kinds/types (jenis/macam/tipe)
f. Advantages (keuntungan)
g. Danger (Bahaya)
h. Usage (keguanaan)
Contoh-Contoh Text Report :
1. animals: Gorillas, Jaguar, Ants, Whales dsb ( Carilah yang lain)
2. profession ( Veterinarian, Manager, Teacher,….)
3. Places ( Temple, Islands, Mountain, …)
Catatan: Bedakan dengan text descriptive: Prambanan Temple, Bali island.
Exercise: Match column A with suitable meaning in Column B
Back leg/hind leg
a. kaki depan
c. kuku tajam
c. jinak/ pemakan tumbuhan
e. bulu rambut, bulu.
f. gigi tajam.
g. buas/ pemakan daging
h. kaki belakang
i. taring tajam
Pertanyaan yang sering ditanyakan dalam UN :
A. Pertanyaan tersirat:
- What is the best title of the text?
- What is the main idea of the text?
- What is the main idea of the first paragraph/second paragraph?
- Paragraph three talks about……..
- Which paragraph tells us the appearance of “Bear”?
- What is the function/the purpose of the text?
- Paragraph one has the function to…..
B. Pertanyaan tersurat:
( Pertanyaan ini menayakan What, Why, Where, When, How, Which, Whose dsb yang berhubungan dengan isi text)
- Where is the Kangaroo originally from?
- How does Leopard run??
- What does the strong and long back legs of kangaroo for?
C. Reference: Menanyakan “pronoun”.
- The word “this” refers to…..
- What does the word “these” refer to?
- The word “it” refers to…..
D. Vocabularies: Kosa-kata.
- What is the similar meaning of the word”….”?
- What is the opposite meaning of…….
- The synonym of the word “….” is……
- The antonym of the word “…” is……
II. CONTOH SOAL YANG MUNCUL DALAM UN
Read the text to answer questions 1 to 3.
The sugar glider is a marsupial, just like the many other Australian animals - the kangaroo, the koala and the wombat for instance. The sugar glider is a possum - very similar to the tupai in Indonesia. It basically lives in trees. It eats leaves and fruit. However, the Australian sugar glider has a very special skill. It can jump from tree to tree like a tupai but it can also `sort of fly' as well. In fact, it glides or terbang layang in Bahasa Indonesia. When it jumps from one tree to another it spreads its four legs out wide; and its extra skin also spreads out and functions like a parachute.
1. What does the text tell us about?…
A. The kangaroo. C. The wombat
B. The koala D. The sugar glider
2. Why can the sugar glider glide from tree to tree?
A. It can spread its four legs and skin out wide
B. It is very similar to the tupai in Indonesia
C. It basically lives in trees
D. It eats leaves and fruit
3. “..... it spreads its four legs out wide ......”
The underlined word means ....
A. executes C. extends
B. exceeds D. examines
The largest meat-eating animal in the world is the brown bear that lives in Alaska. "Brownie", as this bear is called, will always keep away from people. But, be careful if it is wounded with a gun or the mother bear and her cubs are shocked. Some hunters claim the brown bear can outfight a tiger.
A grown brownie may be up to nine feet tall. It may weigh over 1,600 pounds. But home when the brown bear is born, it weighs less than one pound. If you grew at the same rate, you would weigh almost 10,000 pounds when you were fully grown!
4. What does the text mostly tell about?
A. Brown bears C. Fighting tigers
B. Strong hunters D. Alaska people
5. Which statement is NOT TRUE according to the text?
A. A brown bear eats meat
B. Brown bears can beat a tiger
C. Brownie will keep away when it sees people
D. Brown bears are tame animals
6. "But if it is wounded with a gun or if the mother bear and her cubs are shocked,..." (line 3)
What does the underlined word mean?
A. Male bears C. Group of bears
B. Baby bears D. Other bears
Read the text and answer questions 7-9
Dinosaurs were a type of lizards. They lived from about 230 million to about 65 million years ago. In 1842, Sir Richard Owen created the word dinosaur. It came from Greek words deino.s, meaning "terrible" and sauros, meaning "lizard". Dinosaurs lived on earth for about 140 million years.
During the dinosaurian era, the days were short. The sun was not as hot as it is today. On earth there was only one big continent and one big ocean. The name of the continent was pangea (all lands) and the name of the ocean was panthallassa (all seas).
There were many kinds of dinosaurs. Some of them were very big and some others were small. Some dinosaurs ate leaves and some others ate meat. Some dinosaurs could fly.
What happened to dinosaurs? Dinosaurs became extinct because there was a large comet hitting the earth. The comet caused fire and it killed the trees. Dinosaurs could not eat because there were no trees on earth and finally they died and became extinct.
7. What were the days like during the dinosaurian era?
A. Long C. Warm
B. Cold D. Short
8. What is the main idea of paragraph 3?
A. There were many kinds of dinosaurs
B. Some dinosaurs could fly in the sky
C. Many dinosaurs were small in form
D. Dinosaurs ate leaves and meat
9. The writer wrote the text …
A. to describe what the dinosaurs look like
B. to show the steps how to measure dinosaurs
C. to inform people about dinosaurs and their lives
D. to amuse people by showing the dinosaurs' power
Read the text and answer questions 10-13
Chimpanzees are humans' closest relatives compared to any other ape. They like to stay on the ground, but they climb among the trees. Their hands and feet can easily grip branches and objects, because their hobby is swinging. Chimps like to search for termites, ants and never refuse of sweet fruit and nuts. Chimpanzees communicate with each other using a wide variety of sound.
10. 'What is the favorite place for the Chimpanzees to stay?
A. Among the trees.
B. On the branches.
C. On the ground.
D. On a certain object.
11. 'The followings are chimpanzees' food, except ....
A. small mammals
B. little insects
12. What does the text tell us about?
A. Chimpanzees physical appearance.
B. Chimpanzees's habitats.
C. The diet of chimpanzees.
D. Chimpanzees' habits.
13. "Chimpanzees are humans' closest relatives compared. What does the word "relatives" mean?
A. thing that belongs to the same group as something else,
B. The process of comparing two or more people or things.
C. The position of somebody or something in organization.
D. The way people behave in a certain group.
Read the text and answer questions 14-16
Butterflies start out as eggs. Butterflies lay their eggs on leaves. The egg hatches into a caterpillar with a tube-shaped body. The caterpillar eats leaves, buds, or flowers of plants. Caterpillars eat a lot and grow fast. Some caterpillars harm plants.
When a caterpillar is full size, it goes into another stage called a chrysalis. Caterpillars attach themselves to something solid before becoming a chrysalis.
The caterpillar inside the chrysalis changes into a butterfly. Some butterflies make the change in one week. Some butterflies take years to change. .
When the change is complete, the adult butterfly splits the chrysalis. The insect unfolds its wings and pumps blood and air into them. It spreads out the wings until they dry and harden. The beautiful butterfly then flies off to slurp nectar from flowers. Most butterflies live only one or two weeks.
14. What does a butterfly change from?
A. An egg.
B. A chrysalis.
C. A caterpillar.
D. A tube-shaped body.
15. What do butterflies eat?
16. What does the text tell us about?
A. The life of butterflies.
B. The story of butterflies.
C. The change of butterflies.
D. The hatch of eggs to butterflies.
Read the text and answer question numbers 39 to 41.
Whales are sea-living mammals. They therefore breathe air but cannot survive on land. Some species are very large indeed and the blue whale, which can exceed 30 m in length, is the largest animal to have lived on earth: Superficially, the whale looks like a fish, but there are important differences in its external structure: its tail ccnsists of a pair of broad, flat, horizontal paddles (the tail of a fish is vertical) and it has a single nostril on top of its large, broad head. The skin is smooth and shiny and beneath it lies a layer of fat (blubber). This is up to 30 cm in thickness and serves to converse heat and body fluids.
- What is the text about?
A. Kinds of fish C. Sea animals
B. The whales D. All mammals
- The following are the proof that whales are not fish, EXPECT…
A. it has a single nostril
B. it can not survive on land
C. the skin is smooth and shiny
D. its tail consist of pair of broad, flat, horizontal paddles
- “…, is the largest animal to have lived on earth”
What does the underline word above mean ?
A.. talles C. smallest
B. fastes D. biggest
A. PAKET 1
Text 1 for no 1-4
Avian Influenza is an infection caused by Avian (bird) influenza (flu) viruses. These occur naturally among birds. Wild birds worldwide carry the viruses in their intestines, but usually do not get sick from them. However, avian influenza is very contagious among birds and can make some domesticated birds, including chickens, ducks and turkeys, very sick and kill them.
Infected birds shed influenza virus in their saliva, nasal secretions and feces. Susceptible birds become infected when they have contact with contaminated secretions or excretions from infected birds. Domesticated birds may contact with surfaces ( such as dirt or cages) or materials such as water or food ) that have been contaminated.
Infected with avian influenza viruses in domestic poultry causes two main forms of disease that are distinguished by low and high extremes of virulence. The low pathogenic form may go un-detected and usually causes only maid symptoms (such as ruffle feathers and a drop in reproduction. However, the highly pathogenic form spreads more rapidly through flocks of poultry. This form may cause disease that affects multiple internal organs and has a mortality rate that can reach 90-100% often within 48 hours.
- The purpose of writing the text is…
- to describe the certain viruses that cause Avian Influenza
- to describe Avian Influenza Birds
- to tell a story about the life of Avian birds
- to explain how to prevent Avian Influenza
- The way how influenza is affected is shown in paragraph…
- “…., very sick and kill them” (paragraph 1 line 4)
What does the word “them” refer to?
- Avian birds
- Domesticated birds
- Wild birds
- The word “affect” has the similar meaning to…
Text 2 for no 5-9
Although the jaguar is an animal that is not found in Asia, it is famous in Asia because of the car named after the animal. This report provides information on the characteristics, habitat and life of the jaguar.
The jaguar belongs to the cat family. It is one of the four big (roaring) cats : the lion, the tiger and the leopard. Because it has spots, a jaguar is often mistaken for the leopard. However, a jaguar has larger rosette markings, a stronger body and a shorter tail. A rosette is a rose shaped spot on an animal. The rosettes of jaguars sometimes look like the print of an animal paw.
The jaguar is brownish-yellow in color and has spots on the head, neck and legs, and rosettes on other parts of its body. It can weigh up to 100 kilograms and has a powerful jaw that it can easily crush the skull of its prey.
5. Which paragraph tells about the differences between a jaguar and a leopard?
A. Paragraph 1
B. Paragraph 1 and 2
C. Paragraph 2
D. Paragraph 2 and 3
- How do people differentiate between a jaguar and a leopard?
A..A jaguar has larger marking on its body
B. A jaguar only lives in Asia
C. A leopard has a stronger body
D. From the shape of their bodies
- "Because it has spots, a jaguar is often mistaken for the leopard."
The underlined word has the same meaning with
- Paragraph 3 describes about…
- the habit of jaguar
- the habitat of jaguar
- the physical features of jaguar
- the kinds of jaguar
- Which statement is true about the text?
- Jaguar is an animal from Asia
- Jaguar is not well-known in Asia because of the car
- Jaguar is similar to leopard
- Jaguar is the same as the lion, tiger and cat
Text 3 for no 10-13
A rocket looks like a long tube. Most rockets have fins on the back to help them fly straight.
Rockets that go into space are huge. They are made mostly of metal. Rockets burn fuel. Many different chemicals can be used as rocket fuel. That burning fuel makes hot gases. The gases blow out of the bottom end of the rocket. The hot gases shooting downward make the rocket go upward.
People use rockets to carry things through air and space. Different kinds of rockets carry different things.
- Paragraph one has the function to…..
- describe characteristics of rocket
- to give general definition about rocket
- to explain the kind of rocket
- to tell the story about rocket
- What does the rocket look like?
- It is like a long fin
- It is like a tube
- It is like a metal
- It is like a gas
- The synonym of the word “huge” in paragraph 2 is…
- very small
- extremely big
- really wide
- quite long
- Which paragraph tells us about how the rockets work?
- paragraph 1
- paragraph 2
- paragraph 3
- paragraph 1 and 2
Text for 4 no 14-16
If you make the effort to look it up on the internet you will find many articles about mud volcanoes.
There are 7000 known mud volcanoes worldwide, and about 4000 of these are found in eastern Azerbaijan and the Caspian sea. The rest are in Trinidad, Alaska and the Andaman Islands.
The newest is in Sidoarjo, East Java. It is un-usual because it is huge and according to Sam Rice, a Geologist from Cambridge University, it is probably between typical mud volcano and hydrothermal vent, with an unlikely high temperature of 60 degrees Celcius, containing a high concentration of hydrogen sulfide gas that suggests there exist some kind of a volcano or hypothermal activity.
Mud and gas accumulation is formed when sea sediment and sea water are trapped, when one tectonic plates slides under another continental plate. The gas erupt from a volcano or a crack in the earth’s crust because of oil drilling or an earthquake.
- What is the text about?
- Effort to look up the internet
- Many articles about Volcanoes
- Mud Volcanoes
- Mud and gas
- “A geologist” is a person who is … in the term of geology
- Which statement is true based on the text?
- There are many articles about mud volcanoes in Sidoarjo
- There is a usual mud volcano in Sidoarjo, East Java
- Oil drilling can cause gas eruption or earth’s crusting
- Mud and gas are formed by the trapped of the volcanoes
Text 5 for no 17-19
A veterinarian is a person who has studied to be a doctor of animals. He takes care of animals health. Many pet owners need a veterinarian to help them take care of their pets.
Some veterinarians take care of cats and other small animals. Other veterinarians take care of larger animals such as horses, cows, or other large zoo animals.
If you have a pet at your house, your pet has probably seen a veterinarian. Veterinarians can help you decide what kind of foods your pet should eat, what sort of medicine it will need and how you should take care of it. It is important to take your pet to see a veterinarian to make sure it stays healthy.
17. Veterinarian’s job is to take care of…..
A. a doctor’s animal.
B. pet animals’ health.
C. large animals health.
D. both small and large animals’ health.
18. The followings are activities done by veterinarians, except….
A. choosing the medicine given to the sick pet
B. deciding kinds of foods for the them
C. visiting the large animals in the zoo.
D. curing people’s sick animals.
19. Paragraph one has the function….
A. to tell you how to take care of animals.
B. to explain what a veterinarian is.
C. to describe a veterinarian’s job.
D. to describe what a pet is.
Text 6 for no 20-21
A theater is a place where people entertain the audience. The people who perform, called actors and actresses, act in plays on a stage. A stage can be raised platform, or it can be part of the floor in a room, either in the center of the room or against a wall. The audience, is very important part of a theater because it is for the audience that the actors and actresses act, and the playwright writes. Without an audience, they are only rehearsing or practicing.
A theater can be anywhere in home, school auditorium, park and a hall. Theater means action. In this text theater is used in connection with performance on stage by live actors and actresses. It is living theatre.
Theater in the East differs greatly from that of the west. The Asian theater is, for the most part, nonrealistic, or symbolic. Western theater, on the other hand, tends to be realistic.
20. What is the difference between the Eastern theatre and the western?
A. The Eastern theatre is based on acts rather than sentiment or illusion.
B. The western theatre is based on the facts rather than Eastern theatre.
C. The Eastern theatre is better than western theatre.
D. The western theatre is better than Eastern theatre.
21. “A theatre is a place where people entertain the audience”.
The underlined word means……
Text 7 for no 22-24
Nearly all energy is derived from the sun, either indirectly or directly. In the form of heat rays and light rays.
Electrical energy is derived from the sun indirectly. It can be derived from the power of water falling down a mountainside. The water falls as rain, which is formed by the evaporation of the water on the earth's surface, by means of the sun heat. This water vapor rises, condenses on cooling, and falls as rain.
The light and heat energy from coal is also derived indirectly from the sun. Coal was formed by the pressure of the rocks on vegetation, which died millions of years ago. That vegetation grew with the aid of sunlight from which carbohydrates were formed, thus converting indirect aid on the sun. Plants and
Animals were pressed under the rock in the earth. This dead animal and vegetable remains formed petroleum from which petrol and oil are now obtained.
Thus the sun can be said to be the source of nearly all energy, and in absence of the sun's heat and light, no life could exist on earth.
22. What is the text about?
A. Electrical energy as the promising energy
B. The energy from the coal
C. The energy from petrol
D. The sun as the source of all energy
23. From the text we can say that …
A. All energy we use in our daily life is directly from the sun
B. Rain indirectly produces electrical energy
C. Coal produces energy used to drive car engines
D. People make petrol from dead animals and plants
24. ".... thus converting solar energy into chemical energy".
The bold typed word has the closest meaning to…
Text 8 for no 25
Can you imagine a creature with its skeleton on the outside of its body? It sounds odd, but that’s just what the lobster has. The outer shell is the lobster’s skeleton, and covers its whole body, tail, eight walking legs and two powerful claws.
Lobster starts life in an egg. After hatching, they grow inside their shells. When they get too big for one shell, they shed it and a new one hardens around them. This can go for as long as 70 years, and lobster can grow up to 60 cm long.
25. Which statement below is incorrect?
A. Lobster lives in water
B. Lobster don’t have skeleton
C. Lobster lays eggs
D. Lobster’s length can be up to 60 cm
B. PAKET 2
Text 1 for no 1-4
Food poisoning is a disorder of the stomach and intestines caused by bacteria or chemicals in food.
The classis form of food poisoning is caused by staphylococci (bacteria commonly known as staph). The staph germs enter the food during preparation. As a result of the food not properly refrigerated the bacteria multiply hourly, contaminating the food with toxin (poison). As staph germs and their toxins are odorless and tasteless the contaminated food smells and tastes normal.
Eating contaminated food causes vomiting, abdominal cramps and diarrhea within one to six hours. Thus, food poisoning is frequently caused by staphylococci, which contaminate food during preparation and enter the stomach and intestines during eating.
1. What is the text about?
A. Poisonous food.
B. Food poisoning.
C. The poisons of food,
D. The causes of poisoning.
2. The followings are correct according to the text, EXCEPT ...
A. Food poisoning is caused by staph.
B. Eating contaminated food causes diarrhea.
C. Food has to be refrigerated properly.
D. Contaminated food smells and tastes abnormal.
3. Paragraph four describes about….
A. the uses of food poisoning
B. the bad effects of food poisoning
C. the causes of food poisoning
D. the ways to eat contaminated food
4. The word “disorder” has similar meaning to…
Text 2 for no 5-8
There is an eagle nesting on the tree top near my grandparent's house in Pangandaran. It was a sea eagle.
The color of its feathers is light brown. It has a strong and sharp yellowish beak. Its claws are very sharp. It hunts for fish in the sea but sometimes it hunts chickens and small birds.
Eagles have many sizes, shapes, and colors, but the sea eagle is easy to recognize because it has a strong a streamlined, sharp beak and a stream-line body.
Its forelimbs (or arms) serve as wings. This means that they are of little use for anything except flying. It walks on two legs and has a very flexible neck and strong beak to handle foods, to care for its feathers, and for many other jobs that non-flying animals do with paws, claws, or hands on their forelimbs.
5. What is the suitable title for the text above?
B. The Strong Eagle
C. The Sea Eagle
D. An Eagle Nesting
6. One of the animal's descriptions of habit is ....
A. It has a strong streamlined, sharp beak and a stream line body.
B. It hunts for fish in the sea but sometimes it hunts chickens and small birds.
C. There is an eagle nesting on the treetop near my grandparents' house in Pangandaran.
D. Eagles have any sizes, shapes and colors, and the sea eagle is easy to recognize.
7. “…with paws, claws, or hands on their forelimbs”. (p.4)
What does the word 'their' refer to?
A. non-flying animals
B. the sea eagles
C. a very flexible neck
D. paws, claws, and hands
8. The sea eagle is easy to recognize.(par.3). The underlined word has similar meaning to ...
Text 3 for no 9-11
Skin is an important organ of the human body. It covers all of the body and performs many special functions.
Skin is the largest organ in the human body. It weights between two or three kilograms and is either glabrous or hairy. Glabrous skin is that found on the palms of the hands and the souls of the feet. It is smooth and hairless. Hairy skin covers the rest of the body and this varies in the texture, thickness and amount of hair.
Skin is made up to two layers. The outer layer is the epidermis. This is mainly dead or dying skin cells. Beneath the epidermis is the dermis. The dermis is made from tougher fibers and is thicker than the epidermis. Within the dermis are nerves, blood vessels and glands.
Skin does a number of important things for a body. It provides a protective covering for the body, helps to prevent the body from drying out, holds the body organs in place and regulates the bodies temperature.
9. These followings are the functions of skin, except…..
A. increasing the body’s temperature.
B. holding the body organs in places.
C. providing protective covering for body.
D. helping to prevent body from drying out.
10. What is glabrous skin like?
A. It’s thick and hairy.
B. It’s smooth and hairless.
C. It is rough and hairless.
D. It is thin and hairy.
11. “This is mainly dead or dying skin cells” (paragraph 3).
The word “this” refers to…..
Text 4 for no 12-15
The World Wide Web, or simply Web, is away of accessing information over the medium of Internet. It is an information-sharing model that is built on the basis of the International netting.
The Web uses the HTTP protocol. It is the only language spoken over the Internet to transmit data. Web services, which use HTTP to allow applications to communicate in order to exchange business logic, use the Web to share information.
The Web also utilizes browsers, such as Internet Explorer or Netscape, to access web documents called web pages that are linked to each other via hyperlinks. Web documents also contain graphics, sounds, texts and videos.
Through keyword-given Internet searches the word using search engines, like Google, millions worldwide have easy, instant access to a vast and diverse amount of online information:
Compared to encyclopedias and traditional libraries, the World Wide Web has enabled a sudden and extreme decentralization of information and data.
12. What is the suitable title for the text?
C. HTTP protocol
D. World Wide Web
13. What is HTTP?
A. A web site.
B. A search engine.
C. An internet line.
D. An internet language.
14. "It is the only language spoken over the Internet." (par.2) What does the underlined word refer to?
A. The World Wide Web
B. The Protocol
C. The Information
D. The Internet
15. The word “diverse” in paragraph 4 has similar meaning to….
Text 5 for no 16-18
Forest cover about one quarter of the land surface. Most are rain forests, but there are two other important types.
Rain forests grow in hot; wet, tropical regions of the world and contain hundreds of species of broad leaved trees, shrubs and plants. The abundance of food and water means that these forests can support large numbers of many species of insects, birds and animals. The Amazon Forest in South America is the world's largest rain forest.
Coniferous forest is a forest cone-bearing trees grow. Nearly all conifers are evergreen and have needle-like trees. Some conifers, such as larches, do shed their leaves. Coniferous forest grows in cooler, northern region of the world and high up on mountains. These forests are found across North America, northern Europe and Asia and on mountain ranges, such as the Alps and the Rockies. Coniferous forests provide most of the world's timber and paper.
Deciduous forest is a forest where broad-leaved trees grow. Deciduous forests are found in parts of the world that have warm, temperate (moderate) climates. Oak, ash, beech, elm and birch are examples of deciduous trees and such trees shed their leaves in autumn.
16. The world's largest rain forest is located in ....
A. North America
B. South America
C. Amazon Forest
D. Northern Europe
17. Which statement is NOT CORRECT according to the text?
A. Needle-like trees grows well in coniferous forest
B. Many species of insects, birds and animals live in the rain forest
C. Broad leaves trees grow well in the forest which has warm and moderate climate
D. Oak, ash, beech, elm and birch are examples of trees which grow in coniferous forest
18. "Some conifers, such as larches, do shed their leaves". (Paragraph 3). What does the underlined
word refer to?
B. needle like trees
D. cone bearing trees
Text 6 for no 19-20
Plants are living beings. They need food, water and air for survival.
Plants derive their food from the earth and the air. If you look at their roots, you will find that the ends of these roots are like fine fibers. We call them root-hairs. They absorb water and minerals, then transport them upwards to the leaves through the trunk and the branches. It is the leaves which prepare the food.
The green material, chlorophyll, prepares the food like a machine. It converts the carbon dioxide taken from the air and water from the ground into sugar with the help of sunlight. This chemical reaction is called photosynthesis. In fact, the chlorophyll takes energy from the sunlight and uses it to synthesize the hydrogen from water and carbon dioxide for making sugar. This reaction also gives out oxygen and water which are excreted by the leaves.
19. How the plants get the food is explained in paragraph…….
B. one and two
D. two and three
20. The word “excreted” means…..
Text 7 for no 21-23
Duckbills (other name of Platypus) are shy animals and seldom seen, even in the place where they live. They are active only during the early morning and late evening. They are excellent swimmers and divers.
Duckbills live in streams, rivers and occasionally in lakes. The female usually digs long, winding burrows in the banks of rivers or streams. The burrows are blocked with the soil in several places as fortification against intruders and flooding. At the end of the burrows, which may be from about 9 -18 m in length. The female constructs a bed of weeds, leaves and grass which it uses as a nest for the eggs and young and for a retreat. The male is excluded from the nesting burrow.
21. Why do Platypuses never appear in the afternoon? Because …
A. they don't tike sunlight
B. they are ashamed
C. they are afraid of tigers and lions
D. they are excellent divers and swimmers
22. The following statements are correct based on the text, except …
A. Duckbills are expert in swimming and diving
B. The duckbill's burrows are usually long and straight
C. The female duckbills build the nest for the young
D. The burrows are blocked with the soil to protect them from flood
23."... are blocked with the soil in several places as fortification .... ".
The word "fortification" means …
A. tower build to protect the hole under the ground
B. tower made to keep away from fighting
C. wall built to defend a place against attack
D. wall or tower built to decorate burrows
Text 8 for no 23-25
Snakes are reptiles. They belong to the same group as lizards, but form a sub-group of their own.
Snakes have no legs. A long time ago they had claws to help them slither along. But they are not slimy. They are covered in scales which are just bumps on the skin. Their skin is hard and glossy to reduce friction as the snake slithers along the ground.
Snakes often sun bath on rocks in the warm weather. This is because snakes are cold-blooded and they need the sun’s warmth to heat their body up.
Most snakes live in the country. Some types of snakes live in tree, some live in water, but most live on the ground in deserted rabbit burrows, in thick, long grass and in old logs.
23. How many legs do the snakes have?
A. A leg
B. Only one
24. Paragraph three describes about the….. of the snakes.
25. Why do the snakes like to have sun-bathing?
A. snakes have no blood
B. they need to heat their body
C. the snakes are hot-blooded
D. they have very cool appearance
C. PAKET 3
Text for no 1-5
Doctors have recently started to study the causes of a medical disorder that they have approximately named SAD, or Seasonal Affective Disorder. People who suffer from this illness become really stressed and depressed during the winter month.
It is because of the result of a decrease in the amount of sunlight they are exposed to. Doctors believe that this condition may cause disturbance in the body’s natural clock which could result in symptoms such as lethargy, oversleeping, weight gain, anxiety, and irritability- all signs of depression.
Since absence of light seems to be the cause of this order, doctors advise patients to sit in front of a special light box that stimulates natural light for a few hours everyday.
1. The main topic of the text is……
A. Doctors and medical disorder
B. Seasonal Affective disorder
C. Stressed and depressed people
D. The result of decreasing sunlight
2. What can we find in paragraph 2?
Paragraph 2 tells us about…..
A. The advice from the doctors
B. The patients of SAD
C. The conditions of the casualties
D. The ways to relieve SAD
3. The cause of Seasonal Affective Disorder is…..
A. lack of food and drink
B. disturbance in the human’s life
C. decrease in the amount of sunlight
D. stressed and depressed condition
4. The word “decrease” in paragraph 2 has the same meaning as….
5. “Doctors believe that this condition” may cause……
The word “this condition” refers to….
B. decrease in amount of sunlight
C. stressed and depressed
Text for no 6-10
One of the tallest and interesting animals in the zoo is the giraffe. The giraffe has big brown eyes which are protected by very thick lashes. The lashes are an important source of protection. They can also cover the giraffe’s nostrils in order to protect its nose. It has brown spots on the skin and this coloring helps protect the giraffe. The giraffe also has two short horns on its head.
Like the camel, the giraffe can go for along time without drinking water. The sources of water are the leaves which they eat from trees. Since they are so tall, the giraffes can reach to tender leaves at the top of the trees.
The giraffe lives in a small herd and often feed with other animals. A baby giraffe, is two meters at birth. It can stand up by itself within a few minutes after birth and can run well in about two days.
The giraffe has two methods of self protection. If something frightens an adult giraffe, it can gallop away at about fifty kilometers per hour or stay to fight with its strong legs.
6. What does the text tell us about?
A. the tallest animals
B. The most interesting animals
C. Animals in the zoo
7. “They can also cover the giraffe’s nostrils (par. 2)
The word “They” refers to…..
A. The giraffe
B. Big brown eyes
D. Source of protection
8. What is the similarity between giraffe and camel?
A. Going for along time without drinking water
B. Going for along time by drinking water
C. Drinking water with camel.
D. Eating the tender leaves at top of a tree.
9. “Since they are so tall….(par 2).
The underlined word has similar meaning to…..
10. How does an adult giraffe protect itself if something frightens it?
A. by frightening it
B. by running very fast
C. by staying in a small herd
D. by standing up within a few minutes.
Text for no 11-13
Origami is an interesting handicraft. It is the Japanese art paper-folding. Many books can be found on it. It is popular because the only material needed is paper which is very cheap, widely and easily available around us, and also it is easy to do.
Different shapes can be made by just folding a simple of a piece of paper. The common shapes are that of animals. For many people, it is usually takes patience and care to produce a nice origami piece.
11. Why is origami famous around the world?
A. Because it is a nice handicraft
B. Because it was found in Japanese
C. Because it’s material is cheap and simple
D. Because there are many shapes of animals
12. The word “shapes” has the same meaning as…..
13. The word “us” in the text refers to…..
B. readers and writers
Text for no 14-15
Music is a form of art. Unlike plain noise which are disorderly and irritating, music is sound which follows a pattern. Therefore, it is organized and pleasant to listen to. When we make music either by singing or playing instrument, we express our feelings through the music.
14. Which statement is un-true based on the text?
A. Music is unlike an art
B. Music can be used to show our feelings
C. Music is an organized sound
D. Music follows a pattern to make sound
15. The word “pleasant” in the text has the same meaning as….
Text for no 16-18
There are some means of communication. One of them is radio used for one-way communication. We can only hear or receive the news but we can not send news or information to the broadcasters. Although is just one-way communication, people like it because it can give pleasure. We can also get knowledge and important news by listening to.
Radio is one of the mass media. It’s broadcasting can be received by many people, because almost every family owns it. It is cheap It is portable, so we can bring it everywhere to listen. Radio is an important role in giving information to people. Therefore the government needs to organize the programs of the radio.
Now days, we can listen to the radio every time, morning and night. We just tune the Short Wave (SW) or the Medium Wave (MW) will get news; local news, regional, or national news. We also get the programs such as knowledge, family, health, religion, announcement, advertisements, etc.
16. The above text mainly talks about…..
D. mass media.
17. The statements about radio below are true, except…..
A. It is a mean of communication.
B. We can see and listen the broadcaster in the radio.
C. It is one way communication.
D. We can own it for its reasonable price.
18. It is portable ( par. 2 ), so we can…….it everywhere.
Text for no 19-23
The heart is the most important part of the body. It is the courentre of life. However the heart is only as big as a closed hand.
The heart is a muscle and it beats about seventy times per minute throughout a person’s life.
The heart pumps blood from your eart h to all parts of your body. The heart is made up of your chambers or a smsll rooms. The top chambers are called the right and left auricles (serambi) and the bottom chambers are the right and left ventricles (rongga/bilik).
When blood enters the heart, it is in dark reddish color because it contains carbondioxide. The blood enters the right auricle and then the right ventricle. When the heart contracts, it forces the blood to the lungs where the blood receives oxygen. It then goes to the left auricle. The heart contracts again, and the blood goes to the left ventricle and is then forced out into the body. The blood gathers carbondioxide and returns to the heart, and the process begins again.
19. What is the first paragraph about?
A. The heartsbeats
B. The Human heart
C. The heart chambers
D. The blood in our bodies.
20. In one minute, the hukan heart usually beats ...times.
21. What is the function of the first paragraph?
A. To introduce the topic
B. To conclude the topic
C. To describe the topic
D. To give writer’s opinion.
22. The word “begins” in the last paragraph has similar meaning to...
23. Which of the statement below is true?
A. The human heart is bigger than a closed hand.
B. The human heart is as big as an open hand.
C. The top chambers are called auricles
D. The base chambers are called ventricles.